To find out the needs of a sick person, first you must ask important questions and then examine them carefully. You should look for signs and symptoms that help you tell how ill the person is and what kind of sickness they may have.
Always examine the person where there is good light, preferably in the sunlight never in a dark room. There are certain basic things to ask and to look for in anyone who is sick. These include things the sick person feels or reports (symptoms), as well as things you notice on examining them.
These signs can be especially important in babies and persons unable to talk. In this article the word ‘signs’ is used for both symptoms and signs.
When you examine a sick person, write down your findings and keep them for the health worker in case they are needed .
QUESTIONS TO ASK
Start by asking the person about their sickness. Be sure to ask the following:
1: What bothers you most right now? What makes you feel better or
2: How and when did your sickness begin?
3:Have you had this same trouble before, or has anyone else in your family or neighborhood had it?
Continue with other questions in order to learn the details of the illness.
For example, if the sick person has a pain, ask them:
Where does it hurt? (Ask her to point to the exact place with one finger.)
Does it hurt all the time, or off and on? What is the pain like? (sharp? dull? burning?) Can you sleep with the pain? If the sick person is a baby who still does not talk, look for signs of pain.
Notice their movements and how they cry. (For example, a child with an ear ache sometimes rubs the side of his head or pulls at his ear.)
like many of the organisms that cause infections, are so small you cannot see them without a microscope—an instrument that makes tiny things look bigger.
Viruses are even smaller than bacteria. Antibiotics (penicillin, tetracycline, etc.) are medicines that help cure certain illnesses caused by bacteria.
Antibiotics have no effect on illnesses caused by most viruses, such as colds, flu, mumps, chickenpox, etc.
Do not treat virus infections with antibiotics. They will not help
and may be harmful
EXAMPLES OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
colds, flu, measles, from someone who is aspirin and other mumps, chickenpox, sick, through the painkillers (Medicines infantile paralysis, air, by coughing. like antibiotics do not virus diarrhea flies, etc. fight viruses effectively.) rabies animal bites Vaccinations prevent warts touch some virus infections.
HIV body fluids of someone infected get inside Antiretroviral another medicines fight HIV. person´s body ringworm sulfur and vinegar
fungus athlete’s foot by touch or from ointments: undecylenic,
jock itch clothing benzoic, salicylic acid griseofulvin
In the gut: worms feces-to-mouth different specific
internal parasites amebas (dysentery) lack of cleanliness medicines
A BETTER WAY TO STAY HEALTHY
Foods with fiber. The healthiest and most gentle way to have softer, more frequent stools is to drink a lot of water and to eat more foods with lots of natural fiber, or ‘roughage’ like cassava, yam, or bran (wheat husks) and other whole grain cereals
Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables also helps. People who traditionally eat lots of food with natural fiber suffer much less from piles, constipation, and cancer of the gut than do people who eat a lot of refined ‘modern’ foods.For better bowel habits, avoid refined foods and eat foods prepared from unpolished or unrefined grains.
The tassels or ‘silk’ from an ear of maize A tea made from corn silk makes a person pass
This can help reduce swelling of the feet—especially in pregnant women Boil a large handful of corn silk in water and
drink 1 or 2 glasses. It is not dangerous.
A drink made from garlic can often get rid of pinworms.
Chop finely, or crush, 4 cloves of garlic and mix with 1 glass
of liquid (water, juice, or milk).
Dosage: Drink 1 glass daily for 3 weeks.
To treat vaginal infections with garlic,
Many plants have curative powers. Some of the best modern medicines are made
from wild herbs.
Nevertheless, not all ‘curative herbs’ people use have medical value… and those
that have are sometimes used the wrong way. Try to learn about the herbs in your area
and find out which ones are worthwhile.
CAUTION! Some medicinal herbs are very poisonous if taken in more
than the recommended dose. For this reason it is often safer to use
modern medicine, since the dosage is easier to control.
Here are a few examples of plants that can be useful if used correctly:
ANGEL’S TRUMPET (Datura arborea)
The leaves of this and certain other members of the
nightshade family contain a drug that helps to calm
intestinal cramps, stomach-aches, and even gallbladder
Grind up 1 or 2 leaves of Angel’s Trumpet and soak
them for a day in 7 tablespoons (100 ml.) of water.
Dosage: Between 10 and 15 drops every 4 hours (adults only).
WARNING: Angel’s Trumpet is very poisonous if you take more
than the recommended dose.
CARDON CACTUS (Pachycerius pectin-aboriginum)
Cactus juice can be used to clean wounds when there is no
boiled water and no way to get any.
Cardon cactus also helps stop a wound from bleeding, because the juice makes the cut blood vessels squeeze shut. Cut a piece of the cactus
with a clean knife and press it firmly against the wound.
When the bleeding is under control, tie a piece of the cactus to the wound with a strip of cloth. After 2 or 3 hours, take off the cactus and clean the wound with boiled water and soap.
There are more instructions on how to care for wounds and control bleeding in a later post.
You should remember always to consult a medical doctor before trying any of these remedies.
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